When you go to the beach, you’re sure to bring sunscreen to protect your skin from sunburn – but how do you protect your eyes? UV rays can damage eyes as well, leading to cataracts, macular degeneration, pingueculae, pterygia, and photokeratitis, which can cause temporary vision loss. Here are a few ways to keep your eyes protected from damaging UV rays.
Of course, you will use sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun at the beach. But how much does it really help? Check your sunglasses to be sure they block 100% of UV rays and absorb most HEV rays. It also helps to get a frame with a close-fitting wraparound style to prevent any extra light getting through.
If you already wear prescription glasses, you still need sunglasses to fully protect your eyes. You can get prescription sunglasses, clip-on lenses, or fit-over sunglasses. Fit-over sunglasses are large enough to be worn over prescription glasses, while clip-on lenses are attached to your prescription eyeglasses and can flip up and down. These options are both much cheaper than prescription sunglasses, and will protect your eyes – but be sure to get lenses that block 100% of UV rays.
OUTDOOR RISK FACTORS
There are plenty of factors that determine the risk level of eye damage. When you’re outdoors, consider these factors: Geographic location. The closer you are to the equator, the higher the UV levels. Altitude. The higher the altitude, the higher the UV levels. Time of day. The higher the sun, the higher the UV levels. Avoid the sun from hours between 10 am and 2 pm. Setting. Remember that UV rays are almost twice as powerful in the snow and they can still penetrate through clouds on hazy days. Visit your Dallas eye doctor today to determine which sunglasses are best for you. Photo credit: A. Strakey via photopin cc