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WHAT CAUSES CATARACTS?

Cataracts are the number one eye problem plaguing humankind. A cataract is when the lens inside your eye becomes cloudy. With yearly eye examinations that are easily identified and compensated by an eyeglass prescription or surgery if eyeglasses will not improve vision.Here are a few of the ins-and-outs of cataracts.

TYPES

There are two main types of cataracts: age-related and congenital cataracts. Most commonly, as people age, their eyesight deteriorates and the lenses of their eyes become cloudy. Usually, the symptoms creep up slowly and are often easy to deal with.

Congenital cataracts, on the other hand, are most commonly found in newborn babies or very young children. This is a disease inherited at birth, but can also be treated.

CAUSES

There seem to be a variety of contributing causes to cataracts. Of course, like in many other health issues, there is no one, certain cause.However, the following have been linked with higher rates of cataract development: age, genetics, diabetes, radiation exposure, medication side effects, long-term exposure to sunlight, poor diet, and smoking.

SYMPTOMS

Because most age-related cataracts develop slowly, it may be hard to notice symptoms at first. However, over time, a person may notice that driving at night becomes difficult, as does reading. Most cataract symptoms are described as foggy, misty or blurry vision. They may come in spots or patches and light may appear faded.

TREATMENTS

For less-severe cases, updating your eyeglass prescription often improves vision. In addition making environmental changes like, using a magnifying glass, getting brighter lamps/lights in your home, wearing sunglasses outdoors, and avoiding driving at night can all significantly help people with cataracts. Surgery is always an option and in the majority of cases very successful if new glasses do not improve vision to the patient’s satisfaction. As cataract surgery is an elective procedure, it can be done at the patience convenience.During, surgery, the affected natural lens in the eye is removed and replaced by a clear implanted lens. Post-surgery 9 out of 10 patients enjoy as good as 20/20 or 20/40 vision.

If you suffer from cataracts or feel that you may be developing them, visit your eye doctor today and they can certainly discuss your options.